### Steam

#### Piping Design

Pipe Sizing by Pressure Loss

Pipe Sizing by Velocity

Pipe Sizing for Steam Vent

Pressure Loss through Piping

Steam Velocity through Piping

Steam Flow Rate through Piping

Economical Insulation Thickness

Pipe Sizing by Velocity

Pipe Sizing for Steam Vent

Pressure Loss through Piping

Steam Velocity through Piping

Steam Flow Rate through Piping

Economical Insulation Thickness

#### Valves and Orifices

#### Condensate Load

From Piping at Start-up

From Heating Liquid (Continuous)

From Heating Liquid (Batch)

From Heating Air

From Radiant Heat Loss in Piping

Stall Point (Liquid)

From Heating Liquid (Continuous)

From Heating Liquid (Batch)

From Heating Air

From Radiant Heat Loss in Piping

Stall Point (Liquid)

#### Improved Steam Dryness

#### Effect of Air Mixed in Steam

#### Steam & Energy Unit Cost

**Boiler Efficiency**